Field surveys of transport bottlenecks in transport corridors: tackling of bottlenecks

Field surveys of transport bottlenecks in transport corridors: tackling of bottlenecks

Bottlenecks in the northern transport corridor (E-18; form Turku/Naantali to Vaalimaa, Russian border) have been identified through surveys, workshops and interviews. The purpose was to observe the obstacles and nodes of the transport and to find out what time it takes in the transport corridors of the Baltic Loop project. Unfortunately, Covid19 messed up the plans and observation will continue in the autumn 2020 .

Field survey started with pilot route to observe (see video) the old route from the port of Turku to Paimio (Satama-Tukholmankatu-Ratapihankatu-highway 1-Paimio). This route is forbidden to heavy trucks by the Turku City Council order. Anyway, the idea was to test the research methods and at the same time compare the “old route” with the current situation in which the heavy traffic from Turku port is forced to use Turku Ring Road.

Preliminary results of test driving

The result of this preliminary test drive was quite clear; the old route (now forbidden of city council) from/to Turku port can be even 15-20 minutes faster than the new one demonstrated by the test drive. So far, the results are only tentative. It will need some more testing. It can be assumed that in capital areas (Ring Road III) where numerous terminals are located similar delays originated from compulsory route choice set by civil servants will exist. Our coming test driving throughout the road corridors will reveal the hindrances.

Baltic Loop field surveys and observations along the gateways

The implementers of the field survey are the Bachelor students of Turku University of Applied Sciences and the students of the Turku Vocational Institute in the field of transport. The aim is to verify the bottlenecks along the identified by surveys, workshops and interviews. The route was driven with a loaded semi-trailer driven by a driver student and a graph and observations documented by an engineering student. In addition to the description, information on the speed of transport was collected with GPS equipment that recorded both location and time. By analyzing the data, it is possible to present suggestions to the street planners and operators to streamline traffic.

Later in the autumn, observations will be made on the Naantali-Örebro, Naantali-Russian border, Tallinn-Riga and Riga-Ventspils routes as well (Middle and South gatewys) . In Finland and Sweden, freight traffic is studied, and in the Baltic countries, passenger traffic on both rail and road is studied too.

Results of field work

By combining data form 1) field surveys, 2) questionnaire and 3) stakeholder interviews and meetings (ports, civil servants, truck companies etc,) we can collect and analyze the most important hindrances and bottlenecks and finally present development suggestions.

Photo by Quintin Gellar from Pexels

Local kick-off in Finland: 3 December, 2019

Local kick-off in Finland: 3 December, 2019

The seminar focused entirely on the freight bottlenecks in the North corridor (see map of the Northern Corridors below). The main  focus was attached to the bottlenecks and solution findings  in the cargo traffic, especially from the point of view of ports, terminals and transport infrastructure. The event was organized by two project partners – Turku University of Applied Sciences and Åbo Akademi University in Finland.

The seminar was initiated by three initializing presentations, that handled with transport corridor problems, bottlenecks  and development targets.  After each presentation, there were the opportunities to present  questions, arguments  and comment allegations actively to lecturers through VoxVote® online feedback system. All questions and answers were deposited to the system for later use.

After the initials, the seminar was resumed as a group work where the participants were divided into two groups to reflect on freight transport problems and bottlenecks, as well as their solutions and future trends in freight transport. The initials serve as a conduit for the actual work.

The work of the working groups resulted in a build-up of existing problems and solutions.

In working groups, in particular from the freight transport and port handling perspective,those are the flow of information between the various actors, the automation of information and the transparency and lack of information between the various actors, the content of the package and security in the future; What can be loaded on the same ship, better predictability of schedules, poor compatibility of rail and truck traffic, poor logistical location of terminals.

The proposals for solutions were presented in a more advanced combination of transport, better transport cooperation;  different pricing policy, technical solutions in ports and terminals. The establishment and development of resting areas, the real-time stabling of transport, the splitting of transport and the increase in freight frequency on the smallest vessels.


Rahtiliikenteen pullonkaulat (Jukka Laine, Schenker Oy) (.pdf, in Finnish)

Kuljetusten tehostaminen (Tero Siitonen, SKAL ry, Länsi-Suomi) (.pdf, in Finnish)

Satamapalvelujen tehostaminen (Markku Mäkipere, Stevena Oy) (.pdf, in Finnish)